Wind power has become an important source of energy generation around the world, with global capacity reaching over 600GW in 2018. The construction of new wind power varies year to year and by region; Europe, for example, saw a 32% reduction in wind capacity in 2018 compared with 2017.
1 China – installed capacity 221GW
China is the world leader in wind energy, with over a third of the world’s capacity.
It boasts the world’s largest onshore windfarm in Gansu Province, which currently has a capacity of 7,965MW, five times larger than its nearest rival.
2 US – installed capacity 96.4GW
The US is in second place with 96.4GW of installed capacity and is particularly strong in onshore wind power. Six of the largest 10 onshore windfarms are based in the US.
3 Germany – installed capacity 59.3GW
Germany has the highest installed wind capacity in Europe with 59.3GW. Its largest offshore windfarms are the Gode Windfarms (phase 1 & 2), which have a combined capacity of 582MW. Germany is also home to the Nordsee One Offshore Wind farm, which has a capacity of 382MW and provides energy for 400,000 homes.
4 India – installed capacity 35GW
India has the second highest wind capacity in Asia and is the only Asian country apart from China to make the list, with a total capacity of 35GW.
5 Spain – installed capacity 23GW
Spain is a strong performer in wind energy, with a capacity of 23GW covering 18% of Spain’s electricity supply. The country is fifth in the world despite none of its onshore or offshore wind farms being in the top 20 largest by capacity.
6 United Kingdom – installed capacity 20.7GW
The UK is the third European country on the list, with a total capacity of just over 20.7GW. The UK is particularly noteworthy in offshore wind, with six of the 10 highest-capacity offshore wind projects in the world.
7 France – installed capacity 15.3GW
France is currently moving away from nuclear power, which previously delivered 75% of the country’s energy needs, and will fill the gap by increasing its renewable budget to €71bn for the period 2019-2028. This will allow it to triple its onshore wind capacity by 2030.
8 Brazil – installed capacity 14.5GW
Brazil has the largest wind capacity in South America with 14.5GW and is expanding its capacity significantly.
9 Canada – installed capacity 12.8GW
Canada’s renewable energy capacity stands at 12.8GW, with 566MW of new installed capacity added in 2018. This energy is generated by a total of 299 wind farms with 6,596 turbines.
10 Italy – installed capacity 10.1GW
In tenth place is Italy, which reached just over 10GW in wind energy capacity in 2018. Until recently, Italy’s wind power was entirely generated with onshore wind, but recently German wind turbine manufacturer Senvion signed a deal with Renexia to build the first offshore farm off the coast of Puglia, Southern Italy.